[b]Made of brickwork and rammed earth walls, finished with stone and wood details, the proposed house is an ensemble of rooms fully opened towards the desert landscape.[/b]
The house is conceived as a dynamic series of volumes attached to a central spine.
This organizational solution has been used to achieve the two primary targets of this project:
Provision of outstanding views of the mountains
Space planning optimization
The brief has been successfully developed into a strong concept and fine detail. The overall floor area is 3.500 Sq ft.
[b]Plan and Section[/b]
The plan is developed along a central volume orientated North-South. This volume contains most of the services (bathrooms, closets, storages) requested by the programme.
The living, dining and bedrooms are located along this spine and are designed to work as a sequence of rooms, making the space more efficient and avoid hallways as much as possible.
This concept of “sequence” is remarked by the variable internal heights of the rooms that gives different perception of each space.
The entrance is located in the centre of the building. This space is the junction of the main area (Living, dining, kitchen and master suite), the guest bedrooms area (located towards North) and the office space. Each of these sub-habitats can work independently and benefit of more privacy.
Some rooms are located on the upper floor, according to the brief. The design creates double height spaces to connect upper floor rooms with lower level spaces.
The two main elevations, East and West, have strong, different identities and styles.
The East front is fully opened to the landscape, with large glazed surfaces to the external decks. The Rammed Earth walls make the transition between external and internal space so that the landscape is the fourth wall of each room.
The West front is curvy and indrawn. The few rooms opening towards West have generally numerous small windows. This solution has been used for privacy improvement and for sun light control (West sunlight is usually the hottest and strongest).
The spine volume could be built with CMU blocks and finished with local stone. There are a number of windows with louvres that could use the same material to keep aesthetic consistency.
The main walls of the house can be done with Rammed Earth system. The internal walls can use CMU blocks with stucco or plasterboard.
Windows and louvred surfaces could be either in wood or in aluminium.
[b]Climate Responding Strategy[/b]
The main strategy to avoid overheating of this environment is through the house design: high ceilings (10’ is the absolute minimum used for any room) and cross ventilation between rooms.
The orientation of the house (mainly North-South) allows a large portion of the building to face towards East and West, from where predominant winds blow.
Some of the rooms are also connected to each other at different levels to create double eight spaces. In this way upstairs rooms can be used as wind chimneys.
The large surfaces of roof can be used to install solar and PV panels so the house can be energetically self-sufficient.
Leave your comment below.